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2022-2023 年上海市奉贤区高一英语上学期期末试卷及答案 I. Listening Comprehension(30 分) Section A Directions: In Section A, you will hear ten short conversations between two speakers. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. The conversations and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a conversation and the question about it, read the four possible answers on your paper, and decide which one is the best answer to the question you have heard. 1. A. She doesn’t work hard in maths. B. She is inferior to him in maths. C. She didn’t do well in this test. D. She is good at maths. 2. A. The library will be closed later this afternoon. B. The computers in the library are not working. C. The man needs his computer all afternoon. D. The woman has lent her computer to somebody else. 3. A. Going to the opera is time-consuming. B. There is no time left to book opera tickets. C. She would like to go with the man to the opera. D. She will help the man pay for the opera tickets. 4. A. Worth the price. B. Expensive. C. Mysterious.. D.Good for health. 5. A. 11 a.m. B. 12 p.m. C. 1 p.m. D. 3 p.m. 6. A. The woman will have to call her roommate. B. The woman may have to change her living arrangement. C. The woman does not clean her apartment often enough.
D. The woman should not spend so much time on the phone. 7. A. She also thinks the lecture interesting. B. She was too tired to enjoy the lecture. C. She missed the lecture this morning. D. She did not finish the reading before the lecture. 8. A. Her work experience. B. The courses she has taken. C. Her knowledge of the graduate school. D. The description of her academic performance. 9. A. The woman just had her coat cleaned. B. The woman is not angry with the man. C. The woman does not like to drink coffee in the afternoon. D. It was not the woman’s coat that the man spilled coffee on. 10. A. She hopes to get into art school. B. She is working as a commercial artist. C. She has talents other than drawing. D. She cannot decide upon a career. Section B Directions: In Section B, you will hear two short passages and one longer conversation, and you will be asked several questions on each of the passages and the conversation. The passages and the conversation will be read twice, but the questions will be spoken only once. When you hear a question, read the four possible answers on your paper and decide which one would be the best answer to the question you have heard. Questions 11 through 13 are based on the following passage. 11. A. Kids threw litter everywhere. B. The camp director gave rude orders. C. Mysterious plastic litter was found. D. Kids’joint effort led to a clean camp. 12. A. By taking pictures of the litter he picked up. B. By sharing photos of the terribly dirty planet. C. By keeping a record of crowdsourced cleaning-up. D. By inspiring kids to pick up five pieces of litter every day. 13. A. There is strength in numbers.
B. Birds can help to pick up litter. C. Litter is artistic and approachable. D. More straws should be used in the café. Questions 14 through 16 are based on the following passage. 14. A. Alcohol and coffee. B. Coffee and chicken. C. Hotpot and drinks. D. Chicken and meat. 15. A. Movies are available to people in Shanghai at midnight. B. People in Hangzhou attach great importance to dinner. C. A total of nine online platforms provided data for the report. D. People in Beijing voted Starbucks as their favorite drink. 16. A. People’s eating habits in different regions of China. B. The impact of mobile payment on Chinese lifestyles. C. The differences in nightlife among residents in Chinese cities. D. The financial pressure residents felt from the nightlife activities. Questions 17 through 20 are based on the following conversation. 17. A. He hasn’t found a job yet. B. He plans to start looking after the final exams. C. He’s had several interviews. D. He’s expecting an offer from The New York Times. 18. A. Writer. B. Interviewer. C. Newspaper reporter. D. Teacher. 19. A. New York. B. Boston. C. Chicago. D. Los Angeles. 20. A. Continue his education. B. Delay his graduation. C. Change his career plan. D. Continue job hunting. II. Grammar and Vocabulary (20 分)
Section A Directions: After reading the passage below, fill in the blanks to make the passage coherent and grammatically correct. For the blanks with a given word, fill in each blank with the proper form of the given word; for the other blanks, use one word that best fits each blank. Micro-tourism Although the pandemic has prevented people from traveling far, there is a silver lining to that dark cloud: micro-tourism or mini-vacations, ___1___has gained popularity in recent years. Micro-tourism refers to short-distance travel in which people drive two or three hours to a nearby destination and spend two or three days. In contrast to a proper vacation, which usually involves careful plan, much long travel time, higher expenses and lasts over a week or more, micro-vacation needs little planning and time and is ___2___ (cheap) than long distance vacation. Micro-tourism began catching on seven or eight years ago, but it has been increasingly popular since the COVID- 19 pandemic. ___3___the pandemic prevention and control measures making long and distant trips less convenient, more and more Chinese people choose to take short trips instead, especially ___4___who live in large and medium-sized cities, usually on weekends for relaxation. Among many micro-tourism forms, the development of the camping market is particularly noticeable. The camping equipment ___5___ (sell)well on the Internet and in the physical stores. The number of urban youths and young families who see camping as a new way of socializing ___6___ (increase) significantly in the last two years. China, where there are about 45,000 camping-related companies, definitely has a great market potential of micro-tourism. To fully realize its potential, more government guidance is needed on ___7___we can improve industry standard, safety management, environmental protection, emergency rescue services and anti-pandemic measures. For example, in the camping sector, we ___8___ improve planning and construction, strengthen management and provide better service support ___9___ (make) sure the sector develops sustainably. ____10____these problems are properly solved, micro-tourism will not only drive the recovery of the tourism industry in the short term, but also help diversify the tourism industry and promote the high-quality development in the long run.
【答案】1. which 2. cheaper 3. With 4. those 5. is selling 6. has increased 7. how 8. need 9. to make 10. If Section B Directions: Fill in each blank with a proper word chosen from the box. Each word can be used only once. Note that there is one word more than you need. A. banned B. C. F. imperfect delivered regularly G. reusing H. throw D. growing I. victim E. embrace J. K. relatively keep Tips for More Sustainable Living Making some small changes to your routine can pay off big in various ways:helping the planet while saving your time, money, or both. You will be surprised by how big a difference you can make with ___11___ little effort. Here’s some suggestions: Give up throwing certain items. Your coffee grounds, and used tea leaves can be fertilizer (肥料) instead of being thrown in the trash. If you don’t have access to a fertilizer factory, you can hire a company to___12___pick up your leftover food for a fee. Try to ___13___ the ugly. The fruit and vegetables that are odd-looking or___14___ are actually good to use. It is easy to hide them in soups and yogurt. Don’t ___15___away from these foods at the store and do sign up to have them___16___ straight to your door through service such as Misfit Market, which offers ugly produce at discounted prices. Forget fast fashion. The average American throws away 82 pounds of fast fashion clothing each year. Thankfully, there’s a(n) ___17___number of companies that prioritize sustainability, producing fewer but longer-lasting articles, often made with organic fabrics and eco-friendly dyes. When clothing is truly at its end, consider ___18___ it as cleaning duster. Don’t get cheated. Because of the consumer trend toward more eco-friendly products, many companies make exaggerated (夸张的) claims about their own efforts. For instance, a brand might boast that its products are free of a certain chemical,
even though that chemical has been ___19___ for decades. This is called green-washing. Avoid falling____20____to it by looking for certifications such as “Fair Trade Certified” or “Rainforest Alliance Certified.” 【答案】11. J 12. F 13. E 14. B 15. K 16. C 17. D 18. G 19. A 20. I III. Reading Comprehension Section A (15 分) Directions: For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context. Once just a science fiction idea, VR (Virtual Reality) has now become more accessible than ever. Wear a pair of VR glass which is connected to your computer and you can___21___ a lot of things without stepping out of the room. From climbing the highest mountain in the world to flying a spacecraft, the things you can do with VR are ___22___. This new ‘___23___’ is becoming more and more popular China. The Report on Chinese VR Users’ Behavior was released on March 18. The report is ___24___ a survey of 5,626 people, aged between 15 and 39, from across the country. It shows that up to 68.5 percent of people have heard of or are ___25___ in VR products. But surprisingly, it isn’t ___26___ technology that has made VR so popular. “VR has been around for many years, but it will stick this time because there’ s enough computer power and the price will just keep ___27___,” Todd Richmond, a VR group member with the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers in the US, told USA Today. VR is expected to change various different fields. ___28___, VR could be used to treat patients with acrophobia (恐高症) by making them think they were standing on top of a high building, or train pilots and miners ___29___ they had to actually risk their lives in highly dangerous working environments. “If you have perfect virtual reality, ____30____ you’ll be able to simulate everything that a human can imagine, it’s ____31____ to predict where you go from there,” Palmer Luckey, the inventor of the Oculus VR goggles, told NPR.
But the technology is still ____32____ perfect. Users report feeling motion sickness, headaches and other____33____while wearing VR glass. Also, ____34____ more and more tools are flooding the market, the software that runs VR games and simulators has yet to catch up with all the new advancements. It could take a while for VR to be ____35____ accepted. When every new technology is first introduced, the technology itself is the driving force. But for it to really blend into people’s lives, meeting basic and practical needs should be the main aim. 21. A. touch B. experience C. possess D. taste 22. A. worthless B. meaningless C. limitless restless 23. A. market B. reality C. project example 24. A. based on B. used to C. focused on attached to 25. A. familiar B. neutral C. attracted interested 26. A. favourite B. new C. old complex 27. A. dropping B. increasing C. stable 28. A. In this case B. As a result C. By contrast example 29. A. after 30. A. that 31. A. hard possible B. when B. which B. quick C. before C. where C. easy D. D. D. D. D. D. same D. For D. once D. as D. 32. A. far from B. more than C. nothing but D. much more 33. A. pain B. discomfort C. tiredness anxiety 34. A. as although B. unless C. since 35. A. widely B. initially C. commonly variously D. D. D.
【答案】21. B 22. C 23. B 24. A 25. D 26. B 27. A 28. D 29. C 30. C 31. A 32. A 33. B 34. D 35. A Section B (22 分) Directions: Read the following three passages. Each passage is followed by several questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that fits best according to the information given in the passage you have just read. (A) John Banville has received three major literary prizes. In 2005 he won the Man Booker Prize for his novel The Sea (his 14th book). He has been proposed repeatedly as a candidate (候选人) for the Nobel Prize in Literature. The writer had been resting on his couch when he received a call from a man half an hour before the true winners would be revealed at an awarding ceremony on Thursday. The man on the phone claimed to be Mats Malm, the secretary of the Nobel Prize Committee and he told Banville he would be awarded the prize of this year. And then he also read Banville a formal statement of the achievements he would print about the writer’s work. “He was so convincing that I rang everybody I could think of to tell them about this good news.” Banville recalled. But 40 minutes later Banville received a phone call from his daughter who had seen the live announcement. She told her father, “It’ s not you!” “I realized then that it must have been a hoax. I rang everybody again and said, ‘Don’t buy the champagne and stop throwing your hats in the air!’” said Banville. A voicemail left on Banville’s phone shortly after the announcement explained that there had been a last-minute disagreement among decision-makers. But, after a close listen to the message, Banville noticed that voice was “deeper” than that of the real Mats Malm and lacked the same “smooth” grasp of English. He has since shared the message with the Swedish Academy to investigate the incident. 36. The underlined word “hoax” in the last paragraph probably means_______. A. trick B. game C. event D. joke 37. John Banville assumed that the news was true at first because _______. A. many people considered John Banville was a talented and productive writer B. he has been proposed repeatedly as a candidate for the Nobel Prize in Literature C. the man who called claimed to be the secretary and sounded very convincing